natural ways of increasing fertility alesse medication pregnancy ethinyl estradiol health canada zebeta buy metoclopramide hydrochloride online where do i plavix in uk viagrasoft in white non prescription metformin pharmacy where to buy plendil ointment where do i buy malegra fxt lithium with paypal payment minocin 10 mg cost allegra prescriptions is artane legal in uk online pharmacy uk serpina what does alliteration mean trusted rx stuff best online prescription drugstore buy viagra online cheap cyproheptadine syrup side effects amitriptyline canadian source oral hydrocortisone uses buy inderal overnight delivery purchase desyrel pills amaryl express canada where can i buy rumalaya lipothin india levitra medication used canadian online pharmacy for citalopram digital content strategy lamisil pill shop discount code order amoxil tablets buying zithromax online low cost alternative to nexium north american pharmacy reviews can buy ginseng online rx doxycycline hyclate discount pet drugs online antabuse drug store online there real generic levitra synthroid without eating vytorin generico mexico prednisolone canada buy kamagra oral jelly with paypal buy selegiline australia baclofen precio mexico where can i buy lantus solostar cheap aciphex no prescription drugs endep for sale online renagel tablets side effects cheapest place to buy flonase treatment meclizine side effects headache can you get high off diclofenac cheap compulsive buy anafranil how to order amantadine online aceon 4 mg tablet discount online buy strattera buy flea medication online canada best place buy beconase aq pct is it illegal to order generic neurontin benicar hct prices walmart where to motrin cymbalta in italia what can i do to make clomid work purchase aciphex 1 rabeprazole 20mg alli online bestellen schweiz protonix dosage forms what does propecia do to testosterone levels levitra overnight without prescription diclofenac sodium composition levitra viagra vs what is promethazine 25mg tablets buy alligator gar know revatio 100 mg how to use benemid mail-order bystolic retin a cream for wrinkles around the eyes risperdal discount code orlistat india cost buy risperdal 20 naproxen nhs cost canada pharmacies online that sell evista motrin generic ibuprofen danazol next day delivery cialis packungsgro"?en bactrim order canada naprosyn 20mg tab celadrin dosage too high kamagra oral jelly 100mg tablet american express india credit card online login indian depakote ranitidine generic release date professional generic viagra free coupon for flovent ortho tri-cyclen side effects pristiq vs. lexapro weight gain can you order entocort obtain viagra prescription online liposafe prices cvs diovan without a script pharmacie en ligne quebec feldene purchase in canada no prescription buy cialis soft online uk no prescription lexapro generic costco why has crestor been discontinued prednisone treatment for dogs with lymphoma amitriptyline missed dose side effects equivalent cialis india thyroid medication for cats cost cozaar generic side effects can you buy prandin how to buy clomid online no prescription buy cheap xenical no prescription ciplox online ordering azulfidine buy online eritromicina bula posologia purchase erexin-v online what is reglan for cats seroquel dosage elderly finax mel online synthroid in u.s., no prescription best place buy atorlip-20 pct pastillas alli en mexico precio price of chloroquine boots azathioprine colitis doxycycline online canada what does minocycline work for comprar voltaren pela internet buy actoplus met low cost coumadin purchase shatavari cheap discount coupons for strattera ephedraxin for sale asacol online overnight order effexor xr 37.5 mg over the counter in dubai viagra online coupon price buy zyvox eldepryl generic name what is glimepiride used for deltasone online in us augmentin dosage instructions doxycycline prices boots nexium safe dose range purim delivery london erexor online pay paypal cheapest roxithromycin in the uk purchase cipro on line in canada asacol coupons plavix from china can you order prilosec can i order atarax no prescription in the usa no prescription alesse prednisolone steroid vente de naprosyn au quebec tricor plc atrovent overnight pharmacy generic viagra online review alesse 21 tablets is there generic viagra in canada nexium and pregnancy category protonix from pfizer plavix pills side effects furosemide sale uk prescription free coupon for brand cialis printable alli coupons for 2012 alli diet plan coupons order risperdal 4mg phenergan medication class seroquel high erowid purchasing quibron-t online uk viagra medication ingredients zoloft pill shortage snovitra super power medicine children suprax online pharmacy shipped to canada can i open doxycycline capsules can you buy brand advair diskus in ireland hyaluronic acid for sale australia better than apcalis sx zofran medication pregnancy azithromycin chlamydia how long fucidin tablets 150 mg is mupirocin sold over the counter non generic antabuse reliable rx pharmacy coupons can you get pregnant while taking erythromycin buy zolpidem online overnight clomiphene fertility free coupon for nexium cheap ginseng usa lamictal rxlist cheap amaryllis flowers artificial baclofen dosage for tmj why has dostinex been discontinued generic glucophage india bystolic 10 mg side effects generic calan for sale on line xenical in italia buy vermox online ireland order adalat 30 mg generic splitting diovan hct pills mexico meds no prescription needed where to buy cialis super active online india buy lynoral online reviews generic wellbutrin no prescription xeloda mais barato watson brand pills medicine habana himalaya glyburide dose range trileptal lawsuit canada quick shipping pharmacy is there a generic equivalent for tricor us online pharmacy no prescription betapace can we trust calcium carbonate online buy proventil cheap liv on the internet where prevacid buy ampicillin bacteria antibiotics best price for real flomax buy amaryl online from usa carafate next day cheapest ampicillin to buy what are mobic tablets for triderm cream buy zenegra in uk risk of twins with 50 mg clomid order lopid canada order hoodia cheap purchase digoxin without prescription biaxin online canadian can i buy celebrex over counter in mexico nitroglycerin iv infusion dose buy effexor xr boots pharmacy beconase aq buy canada getting levaquin in australia chloramphenicol order online dulcolax online in us abilify 10 mg buy pariet online australia no prescription clonidine how long to take effect is astelin available over the counter acheter pas cher kytril topical spironolactone s5 cream reviews hoodia online pharmacy uk suhagra-100 reviews seroflo australia what does zetia warfarin inr guidelines buy zithromax mexican pharmacies online pharmacy generic finasteride can you get elimite cream over counter bying cialis non prescription generic pills for viagra jelly can prazosin cause weight gain para que se usa prevacid rumalaya where to get doctor rx means how much does wellbutrin brand name cost glucophage on line purchase side effects of roxithromycin cataract surgery and flomax medication terramycin where can i buy getting a cialis prescription online buy mobic without a script buy fertomid without a script acheter du tadacip zovirax generic for acyclovir famciclovir or valacyclovir for shingles cleocin gel buy canada how to use unisom and b6 for morning sickness erythromycin stearate tablets astelin delivery doxycycline and alcohol uk mobic order by phone lov cost arimidex renagel refill pack aib artane dublin 5 depakote er brand vs. generic voltaren canada emulgel generic adalat cc 20 mg free coupon for betnovate does erythromycin tablets work for acne cialis soft pill shortage differin cream for sale american ginseng dapoxetine 100mg cheep terbutaline mechanism of action tocolysis zithromax 100 mg promethazine express canada how to by celebrex online cost of digoxin without insurance order viagra from canada zoloft prescribed in uk zofran iv maximum dosage nolvadex pct dosage adderall rumalaya forte tablets price drug market order alesse indocin supplier in uk amantadine 200 mg capsules patients pattaya thailand pharmacies fucidin india sale get minocycline toronto discount coupon alli weight loss aid buy cytotec online with mastercard donde comprar metformina para adelgazar cheap actos uk drugs do you need a prescription for ciprofloxacin synthroid new zealand cozaar where to get protonix coupons is 10 mg of coumadin too much canada no prescription buy effexor xr purchase generic furosemide dostinex cabergoline side effects typical bactrim dose for uti side effects prednisone 20 mg per day free or low cost flomax aspirin where can i buy it long term side effects of acticin otc pill identifier with pictures sinemet billig kaufen where to kamagra soft what is rogaine 5 for sertraline withdrawal 50mg cheap arimidex canadian pharmacy erection packs 12 best antibiotic for uti in cats amaryl m2 forte buy prometrium online canada no prescription pill rx health wellbutrin sr products best site get cyklokapron zyprexa overdose treatment is betnovate good for acne benicar comparison lisinopril neurontin epocrates online cialis generic online 6-mercaptopurine ulcerative colitis side effects prednisona 5 mg para que sirve can you order phenergan doctor boots safe buy famvir online no prescription united states is there a benadryl shortage actoplus met pills online in the canada generic arjuna usa pharmacy snovitra super power cheap price prednisone 10 mg for poison ivy what is the un number for lithium batteries genuine alligator handbags pharmacy bupron sr fedex overnight shipping buy promethazine online no prescription us duphalac without a prescription can i order zebeta no prescription in the usa price for generic accutane most common side effects of xeloda diclofenac pharmacies what is doxycycline used for medication lasix side effects kidney buy viagra sublingual 5 amitriptyline reviews depression sale prazosin where to buy biaxin without a prescription viagra canada online drugstore revatio mexico content aware fill shortcut best place to buy finpecia in australia citalopram online forum how to use bactroban nasal spray albenza lawsuit doxycycline monohydrate 100mg tabs metformin online sale buy genuine unisom uk wellbutrin from europe acheter du levitra en france tetracycline medication names antabuse tablets 150 mg free coupon for allegra d medicine purchase calan plendil 5 mg ???? terramycin eye medication how much is 1 cup in grams cozaar class action lawsuit oval blue pill with watson 387 all types finast pills periactin side effects uk tofranil generico cheap mestinon uk revatio generic name gout treatment- colchicine or allopurinol acheter du kamagra en belgique sinemet 100 10 zestoretic without insurance mail order generic dapoxetine what is abana pills used for aceon usa sale albuterol inhalers for sale online can you buy diabecon over the counter diovan by mail order buy tofranil from mexico online buying propecia in canada top 10 online prometrium sites buyers of kamagra soft canada can you order toradol what is the medicine mirapex clomid nolvadex buy how long does it take aldactone to work best cialis soft prices 20mg online side effects of luvox in women generic diovan available how long does it take for neurontin to take effect for anxiety chlamydia screening programme estimation of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide floxin no prescription how to get cymbalta in australia female cialis buy on line buy augmentin legal prednisolone eye drops no prescription purim tablets side effects cost of silagra without insurance mifepristone and misoprostol long term side effects generic singulair allergy medication can aleve cause weight gain gia thuoc medrol 16mg cheap ranitidine pills online best place to buy atorlip-10 in usa how to dose nolva and clomid for pct what does flonase fluticasone relieve where to buy trandate with visa buy prometrium online without prescription the online drugstore moduretic buy unisom lowest price online aspirin india safe place order aygestin minocycline prescription online online cialis order viagra hyzaar on line no script mentat cheap price pharmacy has best price leukeran cheap dilantin 100 mg safe order propecia online naprosyn tablets 250 mg pharmacies in prescription actoplus met protonix bonus pills antibiotics without a doctor;s prescription dapoxetine prescription coupon overseas pharmacy no prescription lotrisone buy avodart with mastercard beat way to order xenical cost of alesse birth control buy dilantin pills online alli generic wikipedia drugs canadian pharmacy lozol prandin brand order indian pharmacy zaditor prednisolone side effects eyes amantadine 5 mg capsules grifulvin v medicine cardura mail order india canadian pharmacy online erythromycin canadian pharmacy generic buy valtrex online is lexapro available in new zealand baby aspirin drug class how to take vpxl comprare online yasmin innopran xl paypal buy abana 10 tablets cialis professional 100mg buy cost of zantac 300 para que se usa trazodone acai berry diet pills reviews is metoclopramide an over the counter drug purchase generic buspar generic nexium cost buy tamoxifen without a prescription from canadian pharmacy lexapro 10mg withdrawal transdermal selegiline depression where to get bactroban pct prescription revatio research grade ceftin celebrex prices cvs where to buy liv dolls online where lopressor cialis generico mexico farmacias similares ampicillin pharmacies cardizem fast mexico comprar revista hermes online priligy dapoxetine usa buy entocort cheap cheap genuine keflex online cheap valtrex pharmacy revatio medication where to buy cheap nitroglycerin tablet trimox lawsuit order pills generic form of proscar now foods panax ginseng 520 mg flomax discount penegra uk online canada drug store review clomid for men doctor can you over the counter in spain buy ventolin online augmentin duo india is viagra a prescription drug in italy allegra for sale online viagra professional drugs online purchases glucotrol xl contraindications what is the medication diamox used for where to get zantac pct valtrex india triamterene by mail order japan online pharmacies rx relief card walgreens torsemide prix en pharmacie en france buy brand amoxil without a subscription lisinopril hctz over the counter what is flagyl used for buy actoplus met in india online buy cheap promethazine using pay pal trimix gel forum where can i get benfotiamine dulcolax pills colonoscopy bystolic dose titration detrol pill shortage what are methocarbamol tablets used for medrol lowest price best way get pain pills hospital cassava root pills twins tamoxifen medicine online how to take zyprexa how to order zantac buy lanoxin visa generic arimidex australia prescription solutions formulary drugs pyridium side effects uk order viagra online pharmacy erythromycin canadian online overnight pharmacy erexor online ordering this american life zyprexa is kamagra gold legal in uk side effects of doxycycline monohydrate tablets how much is generic lexapro at walmart clomid reviews pcos deltasone overnight buy levitra no prescription mastercard cialis acai diet pills reviews cheap etodolac uk phentermine 30mg retino-a cream 0,05 tablets price adalat india generic equivalent for actonel what is hyzaar 100-25 where can i buy alli weight-loss aid femara discount card amitriptyline refills vytorin drug store online luvox medication side effects cheap finax india cheap betoptic no prescription viagra ordering no prescription alli sales para que se usa el medicamento paxil ver bula cloridrato de sertralina where can i purchase tretinoin 0,025 confido dosage too high what is torsemide for can i buy kamagra over the counter ordering viagra sublingual online pharmacy pharmacy has best price indinavir drugstore makeup brush set buy eurax 10 is benicar available over the counter free coupon for aldactone meloxicam tablets bp 7.5mg pill better viagra cialis levitra dramamine supositorios 100 mg max levitra dose prednisolone cost comparison enhancement pharmacy where can i get cefixime pills buy medications online uk buy alli 120 refill low prices how to take flovent for eosinophilic esophagitis tricor cheap uk zenegra on line purchase lisinopril tablets 40mg canadian online prescription reviews where to get prograf ditropan oxybutynin hydrochloride side effects myambutol without insurance canada tretinoin tablets online quickest citalopram abilify visado cialis super active tablets on line to buy side effects aciclovir 200mg tablets cheap flagyl er india buy accutane with e check resources for pariet acheter pas cher prevacid exelon limited india buy myambutol mg online voltaren from free ed hardy perfume samples cheap aricept india buy medrol for daily use cheap sinemet usa imitrex low dose birth control erectile dysfunction drugs over the counter uk ordering starlix cod buy malegra dxt tablets online alli weight loss program reviews where is eden resort bora bora pyridium mg tablet yasmin sewell pregnant prescription strength dose aleve gyne-lotrimin next day delivery topamax coupons rebates side effects of diltiazem hcl metronidazole antibiotic where do i buy cardizem dostinex by mail digoxin coupons us viagra rx overnight us pharmacy buy valtrex buy liv quick augmentin over counter mycelex-g online coupon code generic acyclovir vs famciclovir and valacyclovir where can i get some skelaxin why is there a shortage of topamax long time side effects caverta buy xanax bars buy aristocort 5 over the counter arjuna protonix mexico pharmacy compare prices uroxatral cialis 20 mg tabletas post cycle therapy supplements best otc male erection pill meloxicam tablets 7.5mg for dogs where to buy levitra professional with amex adalat online order fertility drugs for sale buy zetia online no prescription us arava usa inc order diovan on line canada what are some of the side effects of alli buy nolvadex tablets australia houses for sale around alliance ohio how much is mentat ds syrup tablets actoplus met drug class innopran xl legal in england generic celexa usa pharmacy can you buy hyzaar drugs where to buy brand advair diskus in canada safely online pharmacy no prescription needed protonix bactroban online bestellen buy viagra professional 15mg online bentyl ibs dosage alli price motivating mum get tulasi las vegas normal premarin dose azithromycin dosage for children strep reminyl next day omeprazole vs esomeprazole side effects suprax stores missed 2 doses of cymbalta paxil anxiety success stories buy alli online singapore cheapest american glucophage discount coupon extreme acai buy online naprosyn generic atorlip-20 for men in usa kamagra soft shortage comprar atrovent online how to take diarex mg buy generic mevacor online diltiazem from india zofran reviews and dosage buy lynoral hong kong prilosec purchase in canada no prescription abilify from india generic name for valacyclovir licensed pharmacy cialis professional cost of xalatan without insurance blopress results forum buying tulasi in manchester buy cheap actoplus met online pharmacy singulair online in usa lukol tablets from buy is it safe to order doxycycline online cefixime capsules 400mg mesalamine generic asacol strattera 10 mg price brand advair diskus over the counter periactin cats long term side effects of norvasc length of accutane treatment buy nitrofurantoin greece where to buy finasteride comprar cafergot pela internet generic citalopram reviews order propranolol 40 mg purchase viagra professional 100mg promethazine dosage for insomnia can you get high off of doxycycline 100mg

UN Affirms Right to Blaspheme

Late last month, the UN issued a new statement on the extent of freedom of speech under international law. It says that laws restricting blasphemy as such are incompatible with universal human rights standards.

The statement came from the Human Rights Committee, the body of eighteen “independent experts” mandated to monitor compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, or ICCPR, the 1966 human rights treaty that provides for freedom of opinion and expression and other fundamental rights. The Committee’s general comments represent authoritative interpretations of the provisions of the ICCPR. Unlike the highly-publicized resolutions produced by the Human Rights Council and the General Assembly, the provisions of the ICCPR are legally binding to its more than 165 parties.

The detailed 52-paragraph statement, General Comment No. 34, is the outcome of two years of intense debate among representatives of governments and civil society organizations. The Committee’s previous comment on freedom of opinion and expression, in 1983, was only four paragraphs long. In addition to taking up such matters as treason, defamation of heads of state, “memory laws” enforcing an official version of history, and the rights of bloggers, Comment 34 comes down strongly against religious limitations on speech. It does so not only by asserting that the right to free speech is foundational to a free and democratic society as well as to the protection and promotion of other rights. It also appeals explicitly to the values of freedom of conscience and equality before the law.

According to paragraph 48, “Prohibitions of displays of lack of respect for a religion or other belief system, including blasphemy laws, are incompatible with the Covenant, except in the specific circumstances envisaged in article 20, paragraph 2, of the Covenant.” Article 20, paragraph 2 calls on states to prohibit “advocacy of national, racial, or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility, or violence.” The Comment is careful to require that any restrictions must not violate the Conventions’ guarantees of equality before the law (Article 26) and freedom of thought, conscience, and religion (Article 18).

Thus, for instance, it would be impermissible for any such laws to discriminate in favor of or against one or certain religions or belief systems, or their adherents over another, or religious believers over non-believers. Nor would it be permissible for such prohibitions to be used to prevent or punish criticism of religious leaders or commentary on religious doctrine and tenets of faith.

Laws against blasphemy or “religious insult” (found throughout the world, including half of all Council of Europe member states) are inherently discriminatory against secularists and religious dissenters. They are discriminatory in that secularists have no legal recourse—nor should they—when the words of believers offend their moral sensibilities, nor can gays take the publishers of Leviticus to court for the spiritual affront to them that it surely is. Skeptics and heterodox believers, on the other hand, do have an Article 18 right to live and speak according to their conscience even when it offends the orthodox.

Paragraph 32 of the new comment also cautions states against employing a narrow notion of so-called public morals to restrict speech, effectively ruling out laws that defer to a particular faith tradition: “the concept of morals derives from many social, philosophical and religious traditions; consequently, limitations... for the purpose of protecting morals must be based on principles not deriving exclusively from a single tradition.”

The implication of these recommendations is that controversies over blasphemy are not just conflicts between “free speech” and faith, but clashes between competing claims of conscience.

The message of General Comment No. 34 is not only a clear condemnation of the blasphemy laws of countries such as Pakistan, which despite having ratified the ICCPR in 2008, continues to impose the death sentence for blasphemy and “defiling” the name of Prophet Muhammad. The Comment equally repudiates the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, which has upheld Austrian, British, and Turkish laws against blasphemy and religious insult by invoking a sui generis right to “respect for the religious feelings of believers.”

Civil society activists now have the final legal authority of the United Nations on their side as they press governments to come into compliance with their treaty obligations and bring an end to the criminalization of blasphemy.