A survey of Irish college students has uncovered some very interesting statistics regarding those students and their changing attitudes towards religion.
The survey revealed that the views of 78.7% students have been negatively affected with regard to how they perceive the Catholic Church after the recent scandals were uncovered.
Shockingly, only 37% respondents admitted to be practicing Catholics. The second group to top the scale were atheists at 20%.
When asked “Do you attend communal religious ceremonies and functions?” the highest response was ‘no’ at 61%, and those who responded ‘yes’ mainly attend only 1-3 times a year.
Bhopal: The Governor of Madhya Pradesh in India agreed on 31 July to forward a controversial bill, already approved by the Madhya state Assembly, to the President of India for constitutional review and approval before signing it into law.
The bill is titled the "M.P. Freedom of Religion Amendment Bill 2013". But despite its name, its purpose is to require individuals who wished to change or disaffiliate from any religion in the state to notify the District Magistrate prior to the change. It also requires religious leaders to get permission from the District Magistrate before administering or taking part in any religious ceremony. The bill provided penalties of significant fines and even a jail term of up to four years for anyone who failed to adhere to the law.
Having the Governor send the bill to the President of India prior to signing was a victory for regional civil rights groups and minority religious groups who had been organizing state-wide protests for several weeks to lobby the Governor to take this action. These groups saw the bill as limiting and restricting the ability of individuals to join their communities and reinforcing the power and control of the majority Hindu community over individuals' exercise of religious freedom. The bill was supported by local Hindu leaders and representatives in the state Assembly.
Freedom of religion is enshrined in India's 1947 constitution and is considered a foundational principle of the State. Yet India is one of the most diverse religious countries in the world, having been the birthplace of four world religions: Hinduism; Jainism; Buddhism; and Sikhism. The country also has large Muslim, Sikh, Christian and Zoroastrian populations, with Islam being the largest minority religion in India. Despite the Constitutional guarantee, many regions and localities in the country promote and privilege their local majority religion and have passed anti-conversion laws. Madhya Pradesh passed a similar law in 2006 requiring one month's notice to the government before one could convert to another religion. But that law was struck down by the Solicitor General of India as unconstitutional.
The groups pressuring Governor Ram Naresh Yadav to forward the bill to the President of India expect a similar ruling for this bill.
Jake and Han discuss Religion (predictably), Charity, Weddings and give a small shout out to mice. They claim to have been a little grumpy during the recording so why not grind your teeth and grump along with them!
Iran is one of seven nations
(Afghanistan, Maldives, Mauritania, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Sudan being the
other six) where apostasy is legally punishable by death. A stronger incentive not to be counted as
infidel is probably harder to come by. And yet, to date, 3,468 atheists in Iran
have gone to atheistcensus.com to do just that.
To be part of society in Iran,
religious affiliation – Muslim or otherwise - is required: for official forms,
for social inclusion, for just appearing “normal”. Despite the religious appearance, Iran is one
of the top 10 contributors to the Atheist Census, suggesting that atheists do
indeed exist there. It’s just that they
In this context, it was heartening and
harrowing to receive an unsolicited email from an Iranian woman who warmly
thanked the creators of Atheist Census for giving her a forum to be counted. It was notable that she identified herself as
atheist, an Iranian and a global citizen.
She was appreciative, but was not
satisfied with counting herself anonymously. She mentioned that she was going to tell her
“numerous” non-religious friends about the site.
According to the latest statistics on
Atheist Census, 88% of Iranians who took the short, six question survey, were
raised Muslim. They have now rejected
their (former) faith. They are
apostates. The entomology of apostasy
comes from the Greek “apostasia” which means “revolt”. When apostasy is possibly a life and death
situation, it is not hyperbole to say that being counted as an atheist is a
revolutionary act. Perhaps it is even
more so when a woman professes herself as infidel, given the oppression of
women in particular in Islamic countries. This atheist, this Iranian, indeed this global
citizen who was counted in Atheist Census and then took the time to send me an
email, was one woman among the (only) 20% of Iranians who have been counted in
Atheist Census that identify as female.
Often surveys are important to those who
have created them. This short story
shows that some surveys can also be important to those who participate in them.